Hydroponics simply means growing plants without
soil. Food for the plants, called nutrients are dissolved in water and
fed directly to the roots automatically. Plants form smaller roots and
grow in inert media (i.e. gravel, sand, water or even air – but not
soil or other decaying organic matter).
Imagine growing a vegetable garden without having to
fight soil. No more worries about too much water; or too little water;
or how much fertilizer; or when to fertilize; or the labors of
cultivating and weeding to provide just the right soil consistency and
texture; and how much space to give each plant to avoid competing for
food and water; etc.
Hydroponic vegetables are healthy, vigorous and
consistently reliable. Gardening is clean and extremely easy, requiring
very little effort once your garden is set up and planted. A green
thumb is not required.
In soil, vegetables grow a large root system to search
for food and water. In hydroponics, food and water are fed directly to
the roots. This enables the plants to spend more energy growing the
part above the surface, thus growing much faster and producing more
fruit. With small roots the plants may be grown very close together
conserving space. We use inter-cropping to increase production from the
same space. In general, hydroponic gardens require only about 20% of
the overall space required of soil gardens for the same vegetable